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海岛生态脆弱性的内涵、特征及成因探析

池源 石洪华 郭振 丁德文

池源, 石洪华, 郭振, 丁德文. 海岛生态脆弱性的内涵、特征及成因探析[J]. 海洋学报, 2015, 37(12): 93-105. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.010
引用本文: 池源, 石洪华, 郭振, 丁德文. 海岛生态脆弱性的内涵、特征及成因探析[J]. 海洋学报, 2015, 37(12): 93-105. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.010
Chi Yuan, Shi Honghua, Guo Zhen, Ding Dewen. Connotation,features and causes of island ecological vulnerability[J]. Haiyang Xuebao, 2015, 37(12): 93-105. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.010
Citation: Chi Yuan, Shi Honghua, Guo Zhen, Ding Dewen. Connotation,features and causes of island ecological vulnerability[J]. Haiyang Xuebao, 2015, 37(12): 93-105. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.010

海岛生态脆弱性的内涵、特征及成因探析


doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.010
详细信息
  • 基金项目:  海洋公益性行业科研专项项目(201505012);中国工程院咨询项目(2015-06-XY-004);国家海洋局第一海洋研究所基本科研业务费专项资金项目(2015G13)。

Connotation,features and causes of island ecological vulnerability

More Information
  • 摘要: 海岛生态系统拥有明显且独特的脆弱性,对海岛的生态环境和社会经济构成威胁。准确把握和有效控制海岛生态脆弱性是维护海岛生态系统、合理开发利用海岛的根本前提,一套科学、统一且针对性强的概念体系是海岛生态脆弱性研究的基础。参考相关研究,以海岛生态系统的特殊性为基点,以我国海岛为侧重点,通过梳理和分析大量海岛典型案例,提出并探析海岛生态脆弱性的内涵、特征和成因。海岛生态脆弱性是在独特的自身条件和复杂的系统干扰下海岛生态系统表现出的易受损性和难恢复性,具备长期性、分异性和可调控性的特征;特殊的地理位置、有限的规模大小和明显的空间隔离使得海岛生态系统具有明显的海陆二相性、资源短缺性和独立完整性,与不同类型、不同程度的自然扰动和人为干扰相互作用,形成并加剧海岛生态脆弱性。概念体系的建立能够为海岛生态脆弱性的深入分析与合理调控提供切实依据。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-06-12
  • 修回日期:  2015-09-24

海岛生态脆弱性的内涵、特征及成因探析

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.12.010
基金项目:  海洋公益性行业科研专项项目(201505012);中国工程院咨询项目(2015-06-XY-004);国家海洋局第一海洋研究所基本科研业务费专项资金项目(2015G13)。

摘要: 海岛生态系统拥有明显且独特的脆弱性,对海岛的生态环境和社会经济构成威胁。准确把握和有效控制海岛生态脆弱性是维护海岛生态系统、合理开发利用海岛的根本前提,一套科学、统一且针对性强的概念体系是海岛生态脆弱性研究的基础。参考相关研究,以海岛生态系统的特殊性为基点,以我国海岛为侧重点,通过梳理和分析大量海岛典型案例,提出并探析海岛生态脆弱性的内涵、特征和成因。海岛生态脆弱性是在独特的自身条件和复杂的系统干扰下海岛生态系统表现出的易受损性和难恢复性,具备长期性、分异性和可调控性的特征;特殊的地理位置、有限的规模大小和明显的空间隔离使得海岛生态系统具有明显的海陆二相性、资源短缺性和独立完整性,与不同类型、不同程度的自然扰动和人为干扰相互作用,形成并加剧海岛生态脆弱性。概念体系的建立能够为海岛生态脆弱性的深入分析与合理调控提供切实依据。

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